Discover the best collections of books that the National Academies Press has to offer in selected subject areas. Handpicked by NAP staff, these are the most current and relevant resources. Search inside each book or search across all the titles in each collection to learn more about key issues in science, engineering and medicine.
Extremely hazardous substances can be released accidentally as a result of chemical spills, industrial explosions, fires, or accidents involving railroad cars and trucks transporting EHSs. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has identified approximately 400 extremely hazardous substances that pose a risk to those who might come into contact with the materials. The reports in this collection review and interpret toxicologic and other scientific data in order to develop acute exposure guideline levels (AEGLs) for these high-priority, acutely toxic chemicals.
With nearly 24,000 attendees, the American Geophysical Union (AGU) Fall Meeting is the largest earth and space science meeting in the world. This collection showcases recent studies from the National Academies in earth sciences, ocean sciences, atmospheric sciences, polar research, and space studies.
Although remote to most of Earth's inhabitants, the Arctic is tied to every point on the globe through land, sea, or air. Our daily weather, what we eat, and coastal flooding are all tied to the future of the Arctic. This collection explores the impacts of climate change on the Arctic and makes recommendations for research to expand our knowledge.
The Board on Children, Youth, and Families (BCYF) analyzes the best available evidence and provides innovative and influential solutions for critical issues facing children, youth, and families today. These BCYF reports demonstrate the breadth of the board's body of work in celebration of its 25th anniversary.
An important aspect of scientists' responsibility to society involves the challenge to move the life sciences forward for legitimate purposes while reducing the risks that some materials, knowledge, tools, and technologies could also be used to do harm. This collection of reports promotes a culture of responsibility and supports efforts to enhance safety and security in life sciences research.
Children develop cancers that are biologically distinct from adult cancers and face unique challenges related to their care. These publications examine topics such as accelerating pediatric cancer research and improving cancer care and survivorship care for children with cancer and their families.
Climate change is occurring, is caused largely by human activities, and poses significant risks for a broad range of human and natural systems. Human activities largely determine the evolution of the Earth's climate, which not only impact the next few decades, but the coming centuries and millennia. This collection emphasizes the importance of 21st century choices regarding long-term climate stabilization through improving understanding of the causes and consequences of climate change and expanding the options available to limit the magnitude of climate change.
Clinical trials generate vast amounts of data, yet a large portion of this information is never published or made available to other researchers. Data sharing could advance scientific discovery and improve clinical care, but it involves potential risks and costs for key stakeholders, including clinical trialists, sponsors, researchers, and patients. Our publications discuss the challenges and opportunities for stakeholders to better harmonize incentives, policy, data standards, and governance to encourage the sharing and reuse of clinical trial data sharing.
In a world where advanced knowledge is widespread and low-cost labor is readily available, U.S. advantages in the marketplace and in science and technology have begun to erode. A comprehensive and coordinated federal effort is urgently needed to bolster U.S. competitiveness and pre-eminence in these areas. This collection focuses on recommendations and implementation actions that federal policy-makers should take to create high-quality jobs and focus new science and technology efforts on meeting the nationa€?s needs. This collection is beneficial for federal and state government agencies and representatives, educators and schools, public decision makers, business leaders, economists, research sponsors, regulatory analysts and scholars.
Spanning many decades, this collection of books on space exploration and astrophysics celebrates the premiere of Cosmos: A Spacetime Odyssey.
In a world of increasing dependence on information technology, the prevention of cyberattacks on a nation's important computer and communications system and networks is a problem that looms large. In order to best prevent such attacks, this collection explains the importance of increasing the usability of security technologies, recommends strategies for future research aimed at countering cyberattacks, and considers how information technology systems can be used to not only maximize protection against attacks, but also respond to threats.
Responding to the expansion of scientific knowledge about the roles of nutrients in human health, the Institute of Medicine developed a new approach to establish Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs) and other nutrient reference values. This series of books presents dietary reference values for the intakes of nutrients.
In order for the United States to maintain the global leadership and competitiveness in science and technology that are critical to achieving national goals, we must invest in research, encourage innovation, and grow a strong and talented STEMM workforce and work environment. This collection offers a comprehensive road map for increasing involvement of absent and underrepresented minorities, including the elimination of racial and gender bias in academia and recruiting women students and faculty in science and engineering.
Recent events have proven that even prepared communities can be overwhelmed in a state of state of emergency. This collection of reports provides guidelines and targeted resources for all stakeholders in a disaster response, including state and local governments, emergency medical services and health care centers. These reports also examine the improvement of emergency services in rural communities and recommends post-disaster public engagement practices.
Energy touches our lives in countless ways and its costs are felt when we fill up at the gas pump, pay our home heating bills, and keep our businesses running. Our country faces the challenge of developing an energy portfolio that addresses these concerns while still providing sufficient, affordable energy reserves for the nation. This collection analyzes the potential of a wide range of technologies for generation, distribution, and conservation of energy. These reports are necessary in assessing associated impacts and projected costs of increased energy efficiency, coal-fired power generation, nuclear power, renewable energy, oil and natural gas, and alternative transportation fuels.
Over the past few decades, the National Academies have provided guidance and leadership in environmental health research and policy through a variety of reports, workshops, and meetings. The Environmental Health Matters Initiative has coalesced this past work into key facets of environmental health, spanning several topics from toxicity testing and risk assessment to human health and the built environment.
The scientific research enterprise is built on a foundation of trust. Scientists trust that the results reported by others are valid and society trusts that the results of research reflect an honest attempt to describe the world with unbiased accuracy. This collection describes the ethical foundations of scientific practices and some of the personal and professional issues that researchers encounter in their works, as well as recommends the appropriate training in the management of research projects in the digital age. Whether in an academic, industrial, or government setting, this collection applies to all forms of research.
The Everglades are unique in the world in its assemblage of geographic and ecological wonders, ranging from tree islands to exotic reptiles and wading birds. This collection contains the biennial evaluations of the Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Program as well as other reports about the complex issues of preserving this unique and special ecosystem.
How did life evolve on Earth? The answer can help us understand our past and prepare for our future. This collection documents the overwhelming evidence in support of biological evolution, stresses the importance of biodiversity and ecosystem management, and evaluates the alternative perspectives offered by various kinds of creationism. These reports also focus on how science and religion can be viewed as different ways of understanding the world, rather than as frameworks that are in conflict with each other. For educators, students, teachers, community leaders, legislators, policy makers, and parents who seek to better understand all aspects of evolutionary science, this collection is an essential resource.
In the devastation that follows a flood, there is a need for multiple sectors to unite and devote new resources to support the rebuilding of infrastructure, the provision of health and social services, the restoration of care delivery systems, and other critical recovery needs. This collection examines the current state of knowledge surrounding floods and their impact on social and physical infrastructure and offers guidance for multiple sectors involved in community planning and the flood recovery process.
Thousands of human genomes have been completely sequenced, and many more have been mapped at lower levels of resolution. Genomic studies hold great promise to advance the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, and advance research in anthropology, forensics, and other branches of science. The reports of this collection discuss the history, advancement, and translation of genomic-based research.
Health literacy aims to align the demands of health care systems with people’s skills, abilities, and values. These publications support the development, implementation and sharing of evidence-based health literacy practices and policies.
Cardiovascular disease is one of the leading causes of death worldwide, resulting in 18 million deaths in 2015 alone. Yet, it is also one of the most preventable health problems. This collection contains the National Academies’ work on heart health and the factors that impact it, including smoking and obesity.
The importance of higher education has never been clearer: it prepares the professionals of today and those of tomorrow, while also helping all students develop knowledge and skills they can draw on in a variety of occupations and as individual citizens. This collection examines the current state of U.S. higher education and makes recommendations that will enable this system to better serve the needs and interests of its students.
The United States highway system connects most major cities and allows for increased mobility between states. These reports examine areas in need of improvement and present best practices for future highway management.
The United States prides itself on being a nation of immigrants, and the country has a long history of successfully absorbing people from across the globe. These reports examine what we know about how immigrants and their descendants are integrating into American society in a range of areas such as education, occupations, health, and language.
A quarter of deaths worldwide are caused by infectious organisms. As new infectious diseases are continuing to emerge in new locations around the globe, it is essential society understands the environmental, human health, and ecological impacts cause by infectious diseases. This collection provides an overview of infectious disease, including the biology, history, the future trends of widespread and harmful infections, and what we need to do individually, and as a society, to address this growing global challenge.
Laboratory safety is essential in maintaining the integrity of the work being performed and protecting the lab’s occupants. Our resources recommend strategies and procedures to promote laboratory safety and security.
Science is improving how we approach law enforcement and our justice system. Forensics is only the first part of the picture. The reports in this collection evaluate the evidence base and recommend best practices for policing, evidence collection and processing, and eyewitness identification.
The mathematical sciences are part of everyday life. Modern communication, transportation, science, engineering, technology, medicine, manufacturing, security, and finance all depend on the mathematical sciences. This collection of books is geared towards general readers who would like to know more about how the mathematical sciences contribute to modern life and advance discovery, biology, code, math learning in the classroom, and more.
Next Generation Science Standards identifies the science all K-12 students should know. These new standards are based on the National Research Council's A Framework for K-12 Science Education. The National Research Council, the National Science Teachers Association, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and Achieve have partnered to create standards through a collaborative state-led process. The reports in this collection either form the foundation for the Next Generation Science Standards, or provide resources on how to implement them.
The Nutrient Requirements series represents a comprehensive review of the most recent information available on animal nutrition and ingredient composition that will allow efficient, profitable, and environmentally conscious animal production.
Nearly 40 Percent of U.S. adults and 20 percent of U.S. children are obese. Those living with obesity have increased risks of disability, disease, and premature death, as well as substantial health, economic, and social costs. This collection presents a fresh perspective about the causes, consequences, and potential solutions to the growing obesity epidemic by recommending obesity prevention actions, programs, and policies.
After the Deepwater Horizon disaster in 2010, our reports provided analyses of the spill and guidance for policy making, health care monitoring, and environmental protection. The select titles here are a sampling of our reports on the Deepwater Horizon as well as the long history of the National Academies of advising the nation on oil spills and their human and environmental effects.
For more information, please visit the Gulf Research Program's website.
Opioid use disorder and chronic pain affect millions of Americans. It is critical to seek solutions that balance pain management strategies with the opioid use disorder epidemic. The reports in this collection examine the opioid use disorder epidemic, explore tools for pain management and their implications, and propose new pain management alternatives for the future.
Planetary protection is a set of policies and implementation guidelines developed by the space science community in order to preserve the integrity of Earth’s biosphere and to protect the biological and environmental integrity of other solar system bodies for future scientific study. The National Academies has contributed extensively to the development of these policies since the late 1950s and these publications provide independent, multidisciplinary advice on planetary protection issues.
In 1996, The Institute of Medicine launched a concerted, ongoing effort focused on assessing and improving the nationa€?s quality of health care. Since then, the Quality Chasm series has grown to 11 important books- crucial reading for policy makers, licensing officials, hospital administrators, medical educators and students, caregivers, health journalists, patient advocates, and patients themselves.
Reproducibility is a hallmark of good science because it provides researchers with the tools to address computational errors and ensure the integrity of the results in scientific research. An inconsistency can be an important precursor to a new discovery, or reveal otherwise unidentifiable miscalculations. However, there is not currently a system that structures how computational scientific data is reported, published, and shared. When a newly reported scientific study has far-reaching implications, it is critical for the data to be accessible for others to recompute and verify. Our reports discuss the importance and challenges of fostering reproducibility in science.
Successful scientists must be effective communicators within their professions and in political and social settings. The books in this collection synthesize research on communication and provide guidance to improve public engagement with science.
Since a human first stepped foot on the moon four decades ago, great strides have been made in understanding what is required to support an enduring presence in space. These reports will enable the U.S. space program to deliver on new exploration initiatives, excite the public, and address the questions of space weather risk assessment and management. This collection develops a forward-looking portfolio of research that will provide the basis for recapturing the value of human spaceflight and once again place the United States at the forefront of space exploration for the global good.
Stem cell research is being pursued in the hope of achieving major medical breakthroughs. Drawing on expert scientists, doctors, bioethicists, and others, the National Academies have examined the potential of stem cell technologies and provided a forum for discussing the ethical implications of stem cell research.
Science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) are cultural achievements that reflect our humanity, power our economy, and constitute fundamental aspects of our lives that contribute to our nation's competitiveness. This collection considers difference school models of STEM education, highlights research on effective STEM education practices, and identifies conditions that promote and limit school success in STEM. These reports are essential for all educators, policy makers, decision makers in school districts, government agencies, curriculum developers, and parent and education advocacy groups.
This collection explores mathematics teaching from many angles, including curricula, teacher education, and the future interdisciplinary nature of mathematics. One of the reports, Fueling Innovation and Discovery, has sparked a new video series, Math Stories. Each video in the series explores the story of a mathematical concept, from its discovery to its application in new technologies.
Tobacco consumption continues to be the leading cause of preventable disease and death in the United States. Worldwide, there are still more than one billion people who regularly use tobacco. This collection compiles research and recommendations on tobacco use, policy, and health effects.
The future of transportation lies in the development of more sustainable methods and technology. These reports examine existing systems and present recommendations moving forward.
Cities have experienced an unprecedented rate of growth in the last decade, and this continued growth highlights the importance of a sustainable future. These reports assess the current state and recommend strategies and pathways that will aid in the ongoing development of urban planning.
Vaccines are among the safest and most effective public health interventions to prevent serious disease and death. Because of the success of vaccines, most Americans today have no firsthand experience with such devastating illnesses as polio or diphtheria. The reports in this collection examine immunization safety in depth and present the science to support vaccination's crucial role in protecting public health.
Nearly 1.9 million U.S. troops have been deployed to Afghanistan and Iraq since October 2001. These service members face serious challenges in readjusting to normal life after returning home, while Gulf War and Vietnam veterans are facing long term health effects from war. This collection presents findings on the most critical challenges, and explains how best to meet the needs of returning troops, veterans, and their families.
Water comes to us in various natural and processed forms and each requires continued development and management. These reports seek to help prepare communities for water-related disasters, and better manage water reuse and waterway systems.
What would it be like to build the first robot that could interact with people? Or to study human remains in search of criminal evidence? In Women's Adventures in Science, readers will learn about the trailblazing women who are leaders in a variety of scientific fields, from robotics to forensics. Each book focuses on the life and work of a woman active in her field today, providing readers with insights into the personal and professional paths that led to their careers in science.